Property Development – What's an Entitlement and Why Do I Need it to Build?

What is An Entitlement?

The definition of entitlement with regard to land development is the legal method of obtaining approvals for the right to develop property for a particular use. The entitlement process is complicated, time consuming and can be expensive, but know what you can and can not do with a piece of property is vital to determining the real estate feasibility of your project. Some examples of entitlements are as follows:

Entitlement Examples:

1. Zoning and zoning variances for building heights, number of parking spaces, setbacks. Your land use attorneys and zoning experts come into play here. My advice is to heavily rely on their expertise and follow their directions to avoid unnecessary delays in your approval process.

2. Rezoning. Depending on the current use allowed for the property, you may need to have the site rezoned which is a complicated process and sometimes can not be done.

3 Use Permits. You may need to obtain conditional use permits and this goes hand in hand with zoning and zoning variances.

4. Road approvals. Do you need to put in existing roads? Who maintains the roads? Are there shared roads via easements? These are all questions that you need to have the answers to and be prepared to comply with in the regulatory process.

5 Utility approvals. Are utilities available to the site? Do you need to donate land to the city in exchange for utility entitlements? Again, you will need to comply with the municipality regulations and standards.

6. Landscaping approvals. The city planning and development agencies must also approve your design and landscaping. Your architect and engineers will be most helpful in this area.

Hire an Experienced Development Team :

The best advise is to hire an experienced development team of architects, developers, lawyers, project consultants, civil, soil, landscape and structural engineers and consultants at the sunset to help you analyze, review, interpret and advise you regarding design studies, applicable zoning and code requirements, and maximum development potential of the property. Without an experienced team, it is extremely difficult and a lot of time will be wasted in trying to complete the regulatory process because the very nature of the regulatory process is so complicated.

Here is how the process works. First, remember to keep in mind that the process is very slow and frustrating and can take approximately 3 to 12 months or sometimes years depending on how complicated the project is. Part of the reason is that each city planner has different interpretations of their local rules. Today, approvals involve jurisdictions overlapping such as city, county and state and these jurisdictions do not communicate with each other. It is extremely cruel that you establish good working relationships with these planners to obtain your approval. Again, this is why you need to work with a development team that has already built these relationships with local staff of the local jurisdiction where your property will be developed. These relationships will streamline and help to expedite your approval process. Your experienced team of experts will be able to negotiate issues for you and eliminate additional requests by the local jurisdiction to avoid further delays in obtaining your approvals.

Regulatory Process :

Majority of development projects must go through certain aspects of the entitlement process and some projects will be required to go through several public hearing processes for approval depending on each jurisprudence's rules. To begin, commercial development of land requires a review and approval from the local Development Review Board or Planning Department Review Division. Each municipality has a different name but the functions are similar.

  1. The process starts with obtaining site approval from the local Planning and Development Department. By contacting the local Planning and Development Department Review Division, your expert team will then put together a land use pre-application which complies with the codes of that particular jurisdiction. By complying with the codes, this will eliminate additional requests by the jurisprudence, further review and extension and unnecessary delays of the approval process.
  2. Next a meeting date will be set. You and / or your representatives will meet with the Planning Department to discuss the proposed project and review process. The process includes approval of your site plan, elevations, colors, landscaping, vicity map, etc. Environmental information will need to be submitted also. There is usually a fee that accompanies the application. The fees vary from jurisprudence to jurisprudence.
  3. If for some reason your site plan is denied, you can appeal to the City Council. The appeal process varies from each jurisprudence.
  4. Once you obtain site approval, then you will need design approval, master use permits. The design approval process is where your architect will design the building shell, core layout, exterior appearance, building height, site layout, landscaping concepts, traffic impact, site access and utility layouts and submit them for approval.
  5. Neighborhood hearings are generally required for all general plan conditional use permits. You may be required to send out written notice or post information on the site. Normally the City will send notices to the neighbors also. Signs should be placed on the property, and an open house meeting is generally held. Your development team will be instrumental in advising and assisting you so that you have a higher probability of achieving success in obtaining neighborhood approval. Be prepared, even if you comply with the regulatory process codes and regulations, there is always the possibility that the neighborhood may have their own agenda and that the hearings and decisions may not be favorable to your project going forward. This is where your attorneys and the rest of your development team's expertise and participation are crucial.

If wetlands are located on the property you will need special documentation that states whether the Wetlands Act applies or not. If it does, either it will result in significant or insignificant impact as granted by evidence of a permission. Sometimes it is best to set away or donate the wetlands portion of the property and avoid development issues. Your development team will be able to advise you on the best course of action once they have assessed all the information and reviewed the reports.

Source by Bart S Pair

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How to Win an Aquarius Man Back – Reliable Tips to Get Your Man Back

You’ve lost your Aquarius man. It’s come as an enormous emotional blow to you. You loved him and imagined a future filled with wonderfully, fulfilling moments with him. Although many people will tell you that the best thing you can do is to pick yourself up and move on, that may not be possible. Loving someone as much as you love him is rare and if you aren’t ready to walk away from him forever, don’t. You can win back an Aquarius man. The key to doing so is to know how to appeal to his heart and his mind.

In order to win back an Aquarius man you have to put reinvent yourself. This doesn’t mean that you should completely change who you are just to get him to love you again. You don’t want to ever lose your sense of self to a man. However, you do need to think back to what he loved most about you when the two of you were happy and together. Focus on bringing those qualities to the forefront again so when he sees you he’s reminded of the woman he fell for.

You already know that men born under this sign tend to be very fickle when it comes to love and romance. They can change their mind about who they love in an instant. That’s why break ups with guys like this are often very sudden and feel as though they come out of the blue. Trying to appeal to his heart by sending him gifts or love letters just won’t work. You have to reach deeper than that and push very specific psychological triggers within him.

Trying to convince him to take you back is futile. Talking to him about it will fall on deaf ears. What you need to do is establish a new relationship with him. Take the romance out of the equation for now. Tell him that you know that the two of you would make great friends. If he waffles on this idea because he’s fearful that you’ll want more, reassure him that you aren’t looking to be his girlfriend again right now. Then work on establishing a fun and carefree friendship with him.

When you want to win back an Aquarius man it’s vitally important to not pressure him into anything he doesn’t want. Men like this respond to pressure by bolting and cutting off contact for good. You don’t want that. So work on the friendship and show him that you two can be close while both of you are still enjoying your freedom. Once the new bond is in place, the flood gates of emotions will open again and he’ll find himself falling for you just like he did before.

Source by Gillian Reynolds

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Silky Smooth Penis Skin – How to Keep Penis Skin Smooth and Supple to Increase Sexual Pleasure

Silky smooth penis skin is just so touchable and luxuriant, especially to anyone lucky enough to enjoy this lovely tactile experience. It also means that the penis skin is healthy and cared for, and when skin of the penis is in optimal condition, it is invigorated and more sensitive and receptive to stimulation. This, of course, leads to better sex and improves sexual function.

Ignoring Penis Skin Can Lead to Problems

There are many problems associated with ignoring the skin of the penis. These include:

Penis skin that is not cared for can become dry and scaly – This is unsightly and does not encourage sexual activity. In fact, it can be a real turn-off for your partner, and may even reduce sexual confidence.

Penis skin can become desensitized – If the skin of the penis is not cared for then it can become hardened and not as receptive to the touch. This means that sexual excitement can be reduced during foreplay and sexual intercourse, which can reduce the intensity of climax and overall sexual satisfaction.

Penis skin is a protective barrier – Healthy skin of the penis protects the human body from infection and illness as it forms a protective barrier between major organs and the outside world. With cracked or broken skin of the penis it is possible, during sexual intercourse and masturbation, to have harmful bacteria enter the body and create illness.

Penis skin is an insulator – When the skin of the penis is in optimal condition it maintains the temperature of the penis. This, of course, prevents the penis from feeling the cold more than it should, which means that its size and functionality is maintained.

What Does Silky Smooth Penis Skin Mean to You and Your Partner?

With healthy penis skin comes more pleasure. The skin of the penis has an improved sensitivity and this then creates a more dynamic sex life. Plus, it is enjoyable to touch, which will increase the longevity of foreplay and the likelihood of fellatio, if this is what you and your partner enjoy. It may also encourage your partner to be more adventurous, and experiment in the bedroom, taking their time to stroke, fondle and tickle your penis, further heightening your climax.

Better Sex with Better Penis Skin

A satisfying sex life leads to happiness and contentment, but with healthy penis skin often a new found confidence is gained. Not only does the penis look good, but it feels great. This may then lead to more sex and a possible increase in sexual enjoyment, especially, if previously, the owner of the penis felt self-conscious of the condition of their skin.

How to Get Smooth Silky Penis Skin

The best way to improve the health of your penis skin is as follows:

Eat a balanced diet that includes mono-saturated fats – This is a healthy fat that prevents your skin from becoming dry and flaky. Some great sources of this are olive oil, nuts, and mackerel, as well as herring, tomatoes, avocado, and egg yolk.

Use a natural cleansing product – Avoid dyed and perfumed skin cleansing products for cleansing the penis, instead use natural cleansers such as, goat milk or olive oil soap.

Don’t exfoliate – Some areas of the skin are more sensitive than others. So, while it is okay to exfoliate say the legs, arms, and torso, it is not recommended that the skin of the penis be treated in the same manner. Exfoliating this area of the body will decrease sensitivity and could possibly lead to the hardening of the skin. This, in turn, will lessen sexual excitement and pleasure, and may even reduce sexual function.

Apply a penis specific moisturizer daily – Use a penis specific creme daily (health professionals often recommend Man1 Man Oil) which is rich in essential vitamins and minerals. Products such as this are said to increase penis skin elasticity and sensitivity, as well appearance, and can improve sexual function and pleasure.

Source by John Dugan

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3 Secrets On How Male Porn Stars Enlarge Their Penis

Have you ever wondered how male porn stars become so large, as far as penis size goes?

Maybe you just shrugged it off and thought “good genetics” were to blame. But the more you watch adult film, the more you notice how unlikely it is that so many of these men just happen to be blessed with superior penis size genetics.

The truth is, there are a few tricks to the trade as far as penis enlargement goes. There are some “secrets” as to why so many of these guys are well above average.

Here are 3 secrets on how male porn stars enlarge their penis:

  1. Behind the Scenes. I was privy to some behind the scene footage of male adult film performers in the moments leading up to being in front of the camera. And what I saw was both unusual, and sort of shocking as far as how easy it was to get a bigger penis fast. First of all, I noticed that many of these guys did not seem that “huge” to begin with in the flaccid state (this is the normal, non-erect state of the penis). They seemed fairly average. But then they began doing something. They would grab their penis just before the head (and remember this is off camera, just moments before they were to perform on camera) and they would begin “tugging” on their penis. Basically they would stretch out their penis and hold it for a few seconds, release and repeat. Each guy seemed to have his own method as far as how long he would tug, or stretch it out. And some guys would employ a very slow massaging tug with each hand, starting at the base and holding fully extended at the head. But essentially, the results were the same. The guys would appear noticeably larger right before the camera would turn on. It really was that noticeable. Some guys went from a visibly average size, to a seemingly larger than average size. So essentially, these guys were simply doing repeated tugs or stretches, which enlongated the flacid penis, making it appear much bigger. I would say this tugging process really did not take but a few minutes, though I would also say that these guys are experienced and likely have their tugging technique down to a science where they can achieve greater penis size in very little time.
  2. The Big Visual Trick. This is something many guys may have heard about, but this visual trick really needs to be stressed. It’s about shaving the pubic hair. Tell me the last time you’ve seen a male porn performer with full growth pubic hair. Of course, you haven’t. Now tell me the last time you’ve seen a male performer with ANY pubic hair. Maybe occasionally, but not very often. This is because that they know very well how any amount of pubic hair can visually take away from large size appearance. In fact most male performers are so aware of this that they don’t even mess around. They will shave it all off. Now in reality, this really isn’t necessary. You can visually achieve larger size by simply trimming your pubic hair, mainly around the base of your penis.
  3. The Jelq Exercise. If there is one technique that male adult film performers employ for attempts at permanent penis size increase, it is the jelq exercise. Jelqing, as it is referred to often, is an exercise which consists of stroking the penis repeatedly while it is in the semi erect, lubricated state. These are slow and controlled strokes, done by alternating hands, for a certain number of sets and reps, usually 4-5 times a week. What this does is increase size both in length and girth. And unlike tugging techniques which were mentioned before, these gains are permanent. The gains are generally most noticeable when fully erect, which of course is perfect for male performers since that tends to be the state they are mostly in while on camera. The reason jelqing is so popular over other manual girth or lengthening exercises (such as pumps or extenders) is the safety factor. No performer can risk injury or even slight visual damage that other methods are sometimes known for. The jelq exercise only employs the hands and is considered the safest technique available for permanent penis size increase.

Source by Chess McDoogle

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The Servant – A Book Summary

In order to lead, you must serve. This is the solid

premise of the book “The Servant” by James C. Hunter.

It is discussed through the tale of John Daily, a

business executive who starts to lose his grip as boss,

husband, father, and coach. He was talked into going

on a week-long retreat at a Benedictine Monastery to re-center and find his balance. During the retreat, a

former Wall Street legend turned monk shows

him a different perspective on leadership – servant leadership.

The Ten Attributes of Love and Leadership

The book enumerated the following as the qualities of

a servant leader. Incidentally, these are also the

attributes of love, which was defined earlier as one’s behavior towards others.

1. Patient – showing self-control.

2. Kind – giving attention, appreciation, and


3. Humble – being authentic without pretense or


4. Respectful – treating others as important people.

5. Selfless – meeting the needs of others.

6. Forgiving – giving up resentment when wronged.

7. Honest – being free from deception.

8. Committed – sticking to your choices.

All these behaviors will entail you to serve and

sacrifice for others. This would mean setting aside

your own wants and needs to focus on the legitimate

needs of others.

You need to realize that success does not only come

from hard work and appropriately playing the part.

To be successful in business and in your career, you

must be able to distinguish yourself from the rest

of the pack – you need to develop, build and defend

your reputation.

The Law of the Harvest

Remember: you reap what you sow. For authority or

influence to flourish, the right environment must be

provided and a nurturing behavior must be present. In

a garden, the soil, the sun, the water, the fertilizer,

and the care given by the gardener all make up the

environment under which the plant will grow and mature.

The one thing that you are not sure of, however, is

when the flowers will actually bloom. Bear in mind

that influence is not a magical beanstalk that will

sprout overnight; rather, it is

something that grows in time.

The Rewards of Leading with Authority

Leading with authority enables you to have a personal

mission statement: to serve the people you lead, to

listen to their needs, to give praise and recognition,

to show kindness, and to be honest, among other things.

When servant leadership becomes your ethos in life,

people would be lining up to join your cause.

By serving others and loving your neighbors, you are

keeping in line with the doctrines of the Church as

well as other religions. You mature psychologically

and spiritually, which is essentially the end goal of

the individual’s journey through life.

While the above payoffs are well and good, the most

important reward of all is the joy you will experience

when you put others first and free yourself from the

chains of self-centeredness. As a certain Dr. Albert

Schweitzer wisely puts it, “I don’t know what your

destiny will be, but one thing I do know. The only ones

among you who will be really happy are those who will

have sought and found how to serve.”

About the Author:

James Hunter is the author of the internationally

best-selling book The Servant, subtitled A Simple Story

About the True Essence of Leadership. Now translated

into nine (9) languages, The Servant teaches the time

less principles of Servant Leadership and is the text

used in many MBA and other higher education curriculum

around the world.

Source by Regine Azurin

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A Small Family is a Happy Family

There was a time when people were proud of having large families. But Today, Things have changed. People are realizing the importance of having small family.

There are so Many Advantages of having a small family. Below are listed some of the advantages of it:

1. The size of the family and financial condition of the are closely related to each other. The Living cost of larger family is much higher as they have more expenses on food, cloth, toys and education where expenses in small family are very low.

2 – Parents can easily fulfill the needs of one or two children. They can provide them best education and look after them very well whereas there are many children to look after parents just can not fulfill even the basic needs of the children. Therefore, as a result, children suffer, the parents suffer and nation suffers.

3. Parents can look after their child properly if they have one or two children. They can pay due attention to their upbringing and needs. Parents can give them their best support. Naturally, the children will grow into good citizens.

3. A child in a small family receives more support from their parents than in large family. When parents have many children to look after, they can not give their best support to everyone whereas parents have few children to look after, they can give more support to them.

4. Family size also affect the health, especially that of mother and child. Frequent pregnancies can cause illness to both mother and children. It can disrupt the health of the women. It puts mother and baby's health at risk.

Thus A small Family is indeed a happy family.

Source by Karan Kapoor

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Over The Counter Treatment Products For Male Yeast Infection

The most commonly used over the counter medications used to treat male yeast infections are the same products that are used to cure female yeast infections. That’s because the very same yeast that causes vaginal yeast infections in women can cause infections in men.

Men can safely use over the counter antifungal treatments such as Monistat even those these products are labeled “for vaginal use.” Over the counter medications like Monistat are marketed to women because genital yeast infections are much more common in women than in men. Other commonly used over the counter medications are Lamisil, Micatin and Lotrimin. Vagisil cream can be used to help relieve itchiness and burning until the yeast infection is cured.

To treat a male yeast infection apply the over the counter medication directly to the affected skin on your penis twice daily for a week. If the rash doesn’t go away after a week or if it recurs frequently, you should get a medical evaluation. Persistent or recurring yeast infections can be associated with other chronic medical conditions such as diabetes and HIV. If your yeast infection is caused by an underlying medical condition, the infection will not improve until the underlying medical condition is addressed.

While treating a male yeast infection be sure to do the following:

· Wash and dry the affected area with a clean towel.

· Apply the antifungal cream, powder or spray as directed.

· Change clothes, especially underwear, every day.

Many holistic practitioners recommend that men who are trying to cure a yeast infection with over the counter products also eat yogurt daily. Yogurt contains acidophilus which helps restore the natural PH balance in your body. Buttermilk can also play a role in restoring PH balances.

Jock itch is more common in men than yeast infections. The medical term for jock itch is tinea cruis. Jock itch is a common skin infection that is cased by a type of fungus called tinea. The fungus thrives in warm, moist areas of the body which is why the infection often affects the genitals, inner thighs and buttocks. Infections occur more frequently in the summer or in warm, wet climates. There are many over the counter products for jock itch and for male yeast infection. You may also want to try home remedy for yeast infection treatment.

Jock itch appears as a red, itchy rash that is often ring-shaped. Jock itch is only mildly contagious. In most cases the treatment for jock itch involves keeping the affected area clean and dry and applying topical antifungal medications. Jock itch usually responds to over the counter antifungal creams and sprays. However, prescription job itch creams may be needed if the infection does not respond to over the counter treatments.

It is best to avoid sexual contact while treating your yeast infection with over the counter products. It is important to use over the counter products for male yeast infection exactly as directed.


Over The Counter: Medications that can be obtained without a prescription

Diflucan: A powerful drug that often cures yeast infections in just one treatment.

Source by Rich Fuller

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Do You Have Rough Skin On Your Chin Or Other Parts Of Your Face?

Rough skin on your chin or other parts of the face could be caused by several things. Here’s a look at the possible causes and what you should do in each case.

Allergy or Sensitivity If the area is also itchy or flaky, the cause could be an allergic reaction. Often, the reaction is caused by an ingredient in your skincare products.

This could be a chemical or fragrance ingredient in your cleanser, moisturizer or cosmetics.

If there is no itching and little or no flaking, the problem could be sensitivity to an ingredient in one or more of your skincare products.

Unlike an allergic reaction, sensitivities are very common and can develop over time, even if you have used the same skincare products for years.

The best way to rule out an allergy or sensitivity is to stop using all of your skincare products for at least a day or two.

You can use plain water to cleanse the area and just skip everything else for a while. A good time to try this is over the weekend.

If your rough skin on your chin or another part of your face does go away after this test, you can do one of two things.

You can try to isolate the cause by adding one product at a time back into your regular routine. That is a time-consuming process. The other alternative is to buy a new line of skincare products and cosmetics that contain no allergens or irritants.

Excessive Dryness Roughness is often related to dryness. While dry skin can be itchy and flaky, the only symptom could be roughness.

It is unusual for a dryness issue to be confined to a single area. But it could be that most of your face is dry and you had not noticed the issue.

The solution to excessive dryness is to use a good moisturizer that does not contain petrolatum or mineral oil.

Those ingredients can actually cause dryness and roughness by changing the skin’s natural pH level.

Hair Removal If you’re a man or shaves or a woman who uses any type of facial hair removal, your problem with rough skin on your chin may be caused by that. Constantly shaving the same area will cause roughness.

Using wax or some another kind of hair removal system can cause roughness, too. The solution here is not an easy one. The best advice is to use a good lubricant when shaving.

Plain grape seed oil is actually an excellent saving lubricant. After shaving, you can use witch hazel to soften and soothe the skin. Some men’s facial fluids contain both ingredients so that you can use just a single product.

For women, the best solution is to try a different hair removal process and always follow up the process with a good moisturizer.

Remember to avoid petrolatum and mineral oil.

An Underlying Health Problem If none of the solutions above resolve your problem of rough skin on your chin or other areas, you should consult your doctor or a dermatologist.

There could be a problem with your thyroid gland, especially if you have other symptoms.

Source by Gordon P Hall

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Penis Skin Discoloration – Four Possible Causes

Regardless of the attention that men give to the condition of their skin in general, the penis is almost always a cause for concern; the average man could draw a map of his package with his eyes closed. As a result, it is not surprising that the appearance of anything unusual – from dryness to bumps to red spots or acne – can turn into a source for anxiety.

While a discolored penis is generally nothing to worry about, there are a variety of issues that can change the appearance of the penis skin. Understanding the possible causes of penile discoloration can ease men’s worry about minor variations in pigmentation and to know when they should seek medical attention for their penis health.

Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

It is not uncommon for men, especially those with darker skin, to have some variations in coloration; in fact, for men of all races, it is normal for the penis to be a slightly different color than the skin on the rest of the body. When darker skin seems to appear suddenly or over a short period of time, it is natural for men to worry. One possible explanation for the occurrence of darker skin is a condition known as post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), which is simply an over-production of melanin in the affected area.

This condition typically follows an injury to the skin; irritation from aggressive masturbation or sex is a likely cause for PIH of the penis. A penis affected by PIH may have areas of skin that appear darker brown, or bluish or gray. While this may cause some social embarrassment, it is not contagious and generally fades over time. Treatment with retinol (vitamin A), laser resurfacing, or microdermabrasion may be helpful in reducing the discoloration.


Bruising of the penis following an injury can cause the skin in the affected area to darken or to take on a purple, blue or even greenish appearance. A minor penis injury followed by bruising may not be a cause for concern, but a sudden blow to the member or impact during intercourse could result in a penile fracture and should be treated immediately to prevent long-term complications.


A red, blotchy appearance or visible blood vessels under the skin’s surface may also result from penile injury. The discoloration will generally fade as the injury heals, but any discomfort or pain accompanying these symptoms is a sign that medical attention may be needed.

Penile Vitiligo

In some individuals, areas of skin on the body, including the penis, may fade in color of over time until they become almost completely white. The cause for this is not yet known, but it is not a cause for concern except as a cosmetic issue.

When to get help for discolored penis skin

Men who experience any of the following symptoms along with discolored penis skin should seek a professional medical opinion:

  • Pain;
  • Bleeding;
  • Itching or burning;
  • Scaly, patchy skin or unusual sores;
  • Discharge.

Even when there is nothing to worry about, seeing a qualified urologist or dermatologist can help to ease men’s concerns about their penis. While it may feel awkward for some men to talk to a doctor about these issues, trained medical professionals have seen it all before and are there to help.

Self-care for men with discolored penis skin

Establishing a daily care regimen for the penis can also help to rejuvenate the penile skin and improve its overall appearance. Washing with a mild cleanser and rinsing thoroughly can help to remove dead skin cells and accumulated body fluids that increase the risk of irritation and infection; and applying an all-natural penis nutrient cream (most health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil) that is enriched with vitamins, antioxidants and moisturizers can help to slough away dead skin cells and allow for the growth of new, healthy skin.

Source by John Dugan

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How To Date Your Fred Bear Bow

Since we have the opportunity to sell a lot of different items through our eBay Drop Off Store, certain things start to stick out that seem to sell extremely well. One item that sticks out are the vintage BEAR Recurve Bows.

Recently on an out of town trip we stopped by an antique store like we usually do and saw this recurve bow in the corner. Since we were already somewhat familiar with how well bows have sold from selling them for a client we naturally gravitated to it. It looked to be in excellent condition and came with a quiver and 3 different sets of arrows. The asking price was $100.00 and we ultimately got all of it for $75.00.

Based on the dating procedures listed below we determined that this was a Fred Bear Kodiak Recurve bow from 1965 in excellent condition. It was a 60″ bow with a 44# pull.

After we got the bow to our store we noticed that inside the big quiver was a smaller single quiver. Based on a light embossed marking on this smaller, leather quiver that we pulled out we were able to date it to the late 1940’s.

We decided to break this up into 3 different auctions and started all three at $9.99. The results of the auctions are listed at the end of this article.



There are several features and changes that were made to the bear bows over the years that will help narrow the age of your bow or your potential investment.

1. The Serial Number: These bows usually have, what appears to be a hand inscription on one of the limbs that gives a serial number along with the length and pull weight of the bow. This serial number works very well for dating Bear Bows from 1965-1969 when the first digit of the serial number is the year of manufacture.

For example, a serial number of 5L212 would be a 1965 Bow.

Prior to 1965, the serial numbers for all Bear bows were started over every month, making these bows almost impossible to date by serial number alone. The “K” series of serial numbers (for example KZ9672) were started in 1970.

2. Patent Mark: Most of the BEAR Bows we have sold have the logo and the US Patents printed on it along with the date of CANADA 1953. This date that is printed on all bows made between 1953 and 1972 is simply the date of the patent for a working recurve limb and has nothing to do with the actual model year.

3. Decals & Silkscreening: In 1948 the small Running Bear decal was first and then was replaced by the large Standing Bear decal in mid-1953. The large Standing Bear decal also has the words “Glass Powered Bow” under the Standing Bear.

The large Standing Bear decal was used until 1955 when it was replaced with silk-screening the identification on the bows. By 1956 the silk-screening appeared on all bows.

4. All Wood vs Laminate: If your bow is ALL wood (no laminations of any kind) then your bow had to be made before the mass productions beginning in 1949.

  • If the ALL wood bow has a stamp that reads “Bear Products” in some form it would have been made before the early to mid 40’s.
  • If it is stamped “Bear Archery” it would have been made AFTER the early-mid 40’s and BEFORE 1949.
  • Also wooden bows with a small “Running Bear” decal can be dated to 1948

5. The Leather Grip: ALL Bear bows had leather grips until 1959. In 1959, the Kodiak Special removed the leather grip and in 1961 the Kodiak did the same, as well as the Grizzly in 1964.

6. The Coin Medallion: Beginning in 1959 all Bear bows had a coin medallion of one type of metal or another. Below are the approx date ranges for the type of coin used.

Copper Coin – 1959

Aluminum – 1960-1961

Pewter – 1962

Brass – 1963 – 1970

Nickel-Silver – 1971-1972

ALL coins were flush with the wood until 1972. In late 1972 the coin was raised above the surface of the bow and came in both gold and chrome covered plastic and are still used in Bear bows today.

7. Manufacturer Location: in 1978 Bear moved all manufacturing and offices to Gainesville, Florida. If your bow shows Gainesville on it then it was made after 1978

8. Model Of The Bow: Check the Model of the bow. Below is a yearly production chart for the most popular Bear Bows.

Wood Handle Take-Down 1969-1972

Wood C-Riser Victor Custom 1973-1975

Magnesium Handle Take-Down A-B-C 1971-1978

Kodiak Static Recurve 1950-1953

Kodiak Recurve 1954-1966

Super Kodiak 1967-1976

Grizzly Static Recurve 1949-1957

Grizzly Recurve 1958-1978

Super Magnum 48 1966-1976

Kodiak Magnum 52″ 1961-1977

Kodiak Hunter 58″ and 60″ 1967-1977

Tamerlane 1962-1968

Tamerlane HC-30 1965-1967

Tamerlane HC-300 1968-1972

Kodiak Special 1955-1967

Temujin 1968-1970

Tarter 1968-1972

Victor Patriot 1973-1977

Victor 1972

Polar (recurve) 1957-1970

Alaskan (leather grip semi-recurve) 1959-1961

Alaskan (recurve) 1966-1970

Tigercat 1964-1978

Bearcat 1964-1971

Black Bear 1972-1978

Little Bear 1965-1978

With this information you should be able to get really close to dating your Bear Bow if not pin-pointing it to the year.

If you are looking to price your bow I would suggest first logging into your eBay account and do a Completed Auction Search on the general keywords that match your bow, i.e. Bear Grizzly Recurve and see what has sold in the past 30 days.


Our eBay Results: Within 6 hours of listing our 1965 Bear Bow by itself starting at $9.99 it had already reached $152.50 which was exciting but based on our research not surprising. What was surprising was that it stayed at $152.50 for the next 6 days. On the last day with 8 minutes left it was up to $182.50 with over 40 watchers. Usually on these types of auctions we tend to refresh and refresh and refresh the auction all the way to the end to watch the bidding but we got busy writing more listings and forgot. When we did remember to go back and check the auction it was over and had ended at $282.55

The other 2 auctions for the quivers and arrows sold for a total of $80.00. So our initial $75.00 Investment at an antique store ended in $362.55 in sales. That was almost a $300.00 profit (minus gas and eBay fees of course).

Source by Rodney Wallin

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